Before knowing about infected trauma, let us know.
What is Trauma?
This definition of trauma can refer to something disturbing, e.g. accident, illness or injury. Orthopaedic trauma is a broad term that describes all types of injuries that affect bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in every part of the body and are caused by any kind of trauma. This term is broad and can refer to small fractures or fractures that pose a direct threat to the patient’s life.
It is considered a speciality in orthopaedic surgery. It focuses on treating broken bones and restoring damaged body parts to their original strength and return to maximum function of the part.
Now let us see
Postoperative Infection (Sepsis) and Treatment
Unexpected incidents and trauma cause serious injury, although this operation is suitable for defoliation and infection control. Many of these trauma patients have complex infections because of Gram-negative bacilli infections that are resistant to many drugs.
Open wounds after surgery can cause serious bacterial and fungal infections at the surgical site, which in turn can cause long-term damage, chronic injury or bone infection, and even death. Postoperative wound infection is an important problem. If the patient is late for treatment, he will not receive definitive surgical support after surgery if the doctor has no experience after surgery and surgery problems can cause infection. Proper injury care is important to reduce the chance of wound infection. Experienced and experienced doctors know how to prevent and treat infected wounds adequately.
Accidents and unexpected trauma result in serious injuries, although surgery is appropriate for debridement and for controlling infection. Many of these trauma patients develop a sophisticated infection because of Gram-negative Bacillus infections, which are resistant to many drugs.
Open wounds after surgeries can cause serious bacterial, and fungal infections at the site of surgery, which in turn can cause long-term damage, chronic injury or bone infection, and even death. Wound infection after surgery is a significant concern. If the patient after the infection is late for treatment, does not get the definitive surgical care after the surgery, if the doctor has no experience post-operative care, and any problem in the surgical procedure can cause infection. Proper injury management is essential to reduce the chance of wound infection. Experienced and expert doctors know how to prevent and treat infected wounds adequately.
Treatment for Traumatic Injuries
Infection can occur when a bacterial or fungal infection develops in the bone or enters the bones from other parts of the body. If the surgery process is not correct, and if the wound after surgery not cleaned with disinfectant solutions can cause infection to the trauma wound.
When an infection develops in the bone, the immune system tries to kill it. Neutrophils, a type of white blood cell, are sent to the source of infection to kill bacteria or fungi. If the infection is treated and left untreated, dead neutrophils accumulate in the bone and form abscesses or pus.
Abscesses can block the vital blood supply to the affected bone that causes chronic infection to the bones, and bones can eventually die. Bone is usually resistant to infection, but under certain conditions, an infection can enter the bone.
- Circulatory disorders
- Complications from trauma or surgery
- Previous illnesses such as diabetes affect a person’s resistance to infection.
- Staph infection
- A weak immune system
How Bone Infections Begins:
Bone infections can occur in many ways.
- Post-traumatic infection can occur after the surgery on the skin and surrounding muscles, or after surgery, primarily if pins, screws, or metal plates used that are not cleaned with disinfection solutions to secure fractures.
- Poor circulation prevents white blood cells from reaching the site, which leads to deep ulcers. They expose bones and tissues in infection.
Infections can occur when deep tissue is injured or open. It may be due to trauma or surgery; common symptoms include:
- Noticeable infection near the skin
- Smelly discharge
- Pus-filled abscess
- Tissue damage or gangrene
- Change of the colour of the infected area
How Can Trauma And Infection Affect The Body?
Trauma and infection in the bone have the same symptoms that you see elsewhere in your body. Infections after surgery to trauma wound tend to surround themselves with the surrounding tissue and form small abscesses. It can give them an impression of a cyst. If you think you have an infection after surgery , contact a doctor. A doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics for you, although infections often recur and may require removal of the infected tissue and sometimes revision surgery.
Treatment For Infected Trauma:
Infection begins at least two months after surgery, initial infection or onset of the underlying disease. Usually, patients need antibiotics after surgery to repair bone damage and to avoid infections. If the infections occur, then the revision surgery is done depending on the condition doctors decide the treatment and type of surgery.
Surgery can include: Procedure of the revision surgery includes:
- Draining: The area around the infected bone may need to be opened by the surgeon to drain pus or fluid that has accumulated in response to infection.
- Debridement: The surgeon removes the affected bone as much as possible and takes a see all the healthy bone to ensure that all infected areas removed. Surrounding tissue with signs of infection may also need to be removed.
- Restoration of blood flow to the bones: Any gaps created by destruction may need to fill with a piece of bone or skin or muscle from another part of the body. Temporary fillers can be used as long as the patient is not strong enough for bone or tissue transplantation. The graft helps the body repair damaged blood vessels and form new bone.
- Removing foreign objects: If necessary, foreign bodies such as surgical plates or screws placed during the previous procedure can be removed.
- Stabilizing the affected bone: Metal plates, rods or screws can be inserted into the bone to preserve the affected bone and new grafts which can be done later. Sometimes external fixation is used to stabilize the affected bone.
After everything the surgeon provides antibiotics longer, maybe years, to suppress the infection. It is usually possible to treat infections, with the experienced surgeon, meet Dr Vasu Juvvadi, to avoid complications after the revision surgery.
Patients with weakened immune systems must:
- Cleaning and applying an open wound can prevent infection.
- Take antibiotic as prescribed
- Take a healthy balanced diet and exercise to strengthen your immune system
- Avoid smoking because it weakens the immune system and contributes to poor blood circulation
- Pay attention to good hygiene, including washing hands regularly and correctly
- Exercise regularly to improve your blood circulation
- Avoid excessive alcohol consumption because this increases the risk of high blood pressure
- People who are prone to infections must be extra careful to avoid sores and blisters. All wounds or blisters must be cleaned immediately and given a clean bandage.
- Wounds often need to be checked for signs of infection.
Dr Vasu Juvvadi, the best trauma surgeon, provide loving care through specialized orthopaedic trauma training. Contact us now or call us today if you need the best surgery to avoid infections and for more information.